Macular Degeneration

The Macula is the central part of the Retina (which is the nerve tissue of the eye). The Macula is the most sensitive part of the Retina. Aged related changes at the Macula is called Age Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD). These changes at the Macula can cause visual impairment.

How common is ARMD?

ARMD is one of the leading causes of blindness in Australia. 1 in 7 people over the age of 50 years are affected in some way. The incidence increases with age.

Who is at risk of developing ARMD?

  • People over the age of 50 years
  • Family history of ARMD
  • Smokers with a family history of ARMD have a greater risk.

What are the symptoms of ARMD?

  • Distortion of straight lines
  • Dark patches in your vision
  • Difficulty in reading
  • Sensitivity to glare
  • Reduced colour sensitivity
  • Need for increased illumination

How can I prevent AMRD?

  • If you are over 50 years of age, schedule your first eye test with your Specialist Eye Doctor (Ophthalmologist) . Depending on your eye health and family history a follow up regimen will be tailored for you. Early detection is of prime importance
  • Stop smoking
  • A diet rich in Omega 3 fatty acids, fruits and vegetables prevent progression of ARMD. Depending on your eye health, an appropriate supplement may also be prescribed by your Specialist Eye Doctor (Ophthalmologist)
  • Sun protection with sun-glasses

What are the types of  ARMD?


What is Dry ARMD? How is it treated?

Dry ARMD is slow to progress. Regular eye checks with your Specialist Eye Doctor (Ophthalmologist) are important. A good diet, sun protection and giving up smoking is essential. Laser treatment is being trialled to prevent progression of Dry ARMD. Results are awaited.

What is Wet ARMD? How is it treated?

Wet ARMD causes sudden loss or decrease in vision. Depending on the eye check conducted by a Specialist Eye Doctor (Ophthalmologist), injections to the eye will be recommended.

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